Manual & questionnaire

Scientific manual

User manual

Questionnaire

Frequently asked questions

Can I use the BAT for free?

Yes, you can download it on this page. Please use the correct citation as mentioned in the manual.

Is the BAT digitalized?

No, the BAT is a paper-and-pencil questionnaire. A digital version was not developed by the research team. 

Scientific publications

Angelini, G., Buonomo, I., Benevene, P., Consiglio, P., Romano, L., & Fiorilli, C. (2021). The Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT): A Contribution to Italian Validation with Teachers’. Sustainability, 13(16), 9065.

Basinska, B. A., Gruszczynska E., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2021). The Polish adaptation of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT-PL) by Schaufeli et al [In Polish]. Psychiatria Polska, 255: 1–13. https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/141563.

Cho, S. (2020) Validation of the Korean version of the Burnout Assessment Tool (K-BAT): a preliminary study [In Korean]. Korean Journal of Industrial and Organization Psychology, 33, 461-499.

Consiglio, C., Mazetti, G., & Schaufeli, W.B. (2021). Psychometric properties of the Italian Version of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, 9469. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189469.

Daniels S., Clement D. B. P., Desart S., Saenen N., Sleurs H., Nawrot T. S., Malina R., Plusquin M. (2022). Introducing nature at the work floor: A nature-based intervention to reduce stress and improve cognitive performance. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113884.

De Beer, L.T. (2021). Is there utility in specifying professional efficacy as an outcome of burnout in the employee health impairment process. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(12), 6255. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126255

De Beer, L.T., Schaufeli, W.B., De Witte, H., Hakanen, J., Shimazu, A., Glaser, J., Seubert, C., J Bosak, J., Sinval, J., & Rudnev, M. (2020) Measurement invariance of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) across seven cross-national representative samples. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public H.ealth, 17, 4604. doi:10.3390/ijerph17155604.

De Vries, J. & Bakker, A.B. (2021). The physical activity paradox: a longitudinal study of the implications for burnout. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. doi:10.1007/s00420-021-07159-y

De Witte, H. (2021). Burn-out: wat is het, en… wat is het niet?  [Burnout; what is it, and what is it not…], in: B. Pattyn,& P. d’Hoine, P. (Eds.). Weten wat telt in tijden van crisis. Lessen voor de eenentwintigste eeuw (vol. 27; pp. 135-157).

Desart, S. & De Witte H. (2019). Burnout 2.0 — A new look at the conceptualization of burn-out. In T. Taris, M. Peeters, & H. De Witte, H. (Eds.). The fun and frustration of modern working life (pp. 1430-152). Kaltmthout: Pelckmans Pro.

Haar, J. (in press). Burnt to a crisp? Understanding drivers of burnout amongst New Zealand workers. Evidence based HRM. DOI: 10.1108/EBHRM-07-2021-0132.

Haar, J. The stae of job burnout amongst New Zealanders: Implications for employment relations. New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 46, 36-50.

Hadžibajramović, E., Schaufeli, W., & de Witte, H. (2022). Shortening of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) – from 23 to 12 items using content and Rasch analysis. BMC Public Health, 22, 560. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-12946-y.

Hadzibajramovic, E., Schaufeli, W. & De Witte, H. (2021), A Rasch analysis of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT).  PlosONE, 15 (11): e0242241. https://doi.org/10.1371.

Kolachev, N., Osin, E., Schaufeli, W., & Desart, S. (2019). Personal resources and burnout: Evidence from a study among librarians of Moscow region [In Russian]. Organizatsionnaya Psikologiya, 9, 129-147.

Oprea, B., Iliescu, D. & De Witte, H. (2021). Romanian Short Version of the Burnout Assessment Tool: Psychometric Properties. Evaluation & the Health Professions https://doi.org/10.1177/01632787211048924.

Otto, M.C.B., Van Ruysserveldt, J., Hoefsmit, N., & Van Dam, K. (2020). The development of a proactive burnout prevention inventory: How employees can contribute to reduce burnout risks. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 1711; doi:10.3390/ijerph17051711.

Romano, L., Angelini, G., Consiglio, P. & Fiorilli, C. (2022). An Italian adaptation of the Burnout Assessment Tool-Core Symptoms (BAT-C) for students. Educational Science, 12, 124. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci12020124.

Sakakibara, K., Shimazu, A., Toyama, H., &, Schaufeli, W.B. (2020). Validation of the Japanese Version of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT-J). Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1819. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01819.

Schaufeli, W., Desart, S. & De Witte, H. (2020). The Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) – development, validity and reliability. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(24), 9495; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249495

Schaufeli, W.B., De Witte H., & Desart, S. (2020). De Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) – Een nieuw instrument voor het meten van burn-out [The Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) – A novel instrument to measure burn-out]. Tijdschrift voor Klinische Psychologie, 50, 267-283.

Schaufeli, W.B., De Witte, H., & Kok, R. (2022). Inzet van vragenlijsten bij stressgerelayeerde aandoningen: Het verschil maken met BAT and 4DKL [The use of questionnaires for stress-related disorders: Making a difference with the BAT and 4DSQ]. Tijdschrift voor Bedrijfs- en Verzekeringegeneeskunden (TBV), 30, 41-45.

Sinval, J., Vazquez, A.C., Hutz, S., Schaufeli, W.B., & Silva, S. (accepted, January 2022). Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT): Validity evidence for Brazil and Portugal. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19, 1344. doi:10.3390/ijerph19031344

Spagnoli, P., & Molinaro, D. (2020). Negative (Workaholic) Emotions and Emotional Exhaustion: Might Job Autonomy Have Played a Strategic Role in Workers with Responsibility during the Covid-19 Crisis Lockdown? Behavioral Sciences, 10, 192; doi: 10.3390/bs10120192.

Spagnoli, P., Buono, C., Kovalchuk, L. S., Cordasco, G., & Esposito, A. (2021). Perfectionism and burnout during the COVID-19 crisis: A two-wave cross-lagged study. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 4087.

Van der Vaart, L., & De Beer, L.T. (2021). Engaged but exhausted: Work-related wellbeing profiles of South African employees. International Journal of Wellbeing, 11(4), 88-105. https://doi.org/10.5502/ijw.v11i4.1823

Vazquez, A. C. S; Santos, A. S., Costa, P. V; Freitas, C. P.P., De Witte, H., & Schaufeli, W. (2019). Trabalho e bem-estar: Evidências da relação entre burnout e satisfação de vida [Work and well-being: evidence of the relation between burnout and life satisfaction. In Portugese]. Avaliação Psicológica, 18, 372-381.

Vinueza-Solorzano , A.M., Portalanza-Chavarria, C.A., Freitas, C.P., Schaufeli, W.B., De  Witte, H.,  Vazquez, A.C., &  Hutz, C.S. (2021). The Ecuadorian version of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT): Adaptation and validation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, 7171, doi: 10.3390/ijerph18137121.

SYMPOSIA & conferences

BAT @ EAWOP – 2022

Below you can find the program of the BAT SYMPOSIUM @ EAWOP 2022.

Presentations can be downloaded by clicking on the button ‘presentation’ (when available).

10.00 – 10.05    Opening by Wilmar Schaufeli

10.05 – 11.35      Part I: Psychometric characteristics and validity of the BAT

11.35 – 12.00      Discussion

12.00 – 13.15      Part II: Longitudinal perspectives on burnout

13.15 – 13.45      Discussion

13.45 – 14.00    Conclusions and outlook

Part I

Psychometric characteristics and validity of the BAT

Psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT): Preliminary results

Chiara Consiglio, Greta Mazzetti & Wilmar Schaufeli

The Burnout Assessment Tool in Ecuador and Brazil

Ana Claudia Souza Vazquez, Claudio Hurtz, Cecilia Alexandra Portalanza-Chavarria, Clarissa P. P. de Freitas & Andrea M. Vinueza Solórzano

Treatment of absent employees diagnosed with burnout in the Netherlands: Predictive and concurrent validity of the burnout assessment tool (BAT)

Angelique de Rijk, Hans de Witte, Robin Kok & Wilmar Schaufeli

Shortening of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) using content and Rasch analysis.

Emina Hadžibajramović, Wilmar Schaufeli & Hans De Witte

Romanian Short Version of the Burnout Assessment Tool: Psychometric Properties.

Bogdan Oprea & Dragoș Iliescu

Part II

Longitudinal perspectives on burnout

A test of longitudinal mediation effects of a tripartite work design model of learning demands, work-related resources, and job stressors on work engagement and psychosomatic complaints: The role of intrinsic motivation and burnout

Jürgen Glaser & Christian Seubert

Is it boredom, burnout, work addiction, work engagement or job satisfaction that matters most to employee outcomes? A six-month follow-up study in the Finnish general working population

Jari J. Hakanen & Janne Kaltiainen

Professional burnout during turbulent times: one-year follow-up study in four occupations

Beata A. Basinska, Ewa Gruszczynska, & Wilmar Schaufeli

A Longitudinal Investigation on Multidimensionality of Burnout: Complementary Use of Variable- and Person-centered Approaches

Hiroyuki Toyama, Keiko Sakakibara & Akihito Shimazu

An online group positive psychosocial intervention during covid-19 and its effects on wellbeing and burnout

Marisa Salanova, Isabella Meneghel, Valeria Cruz & Margarita Tarragona